The following is provided as food for thought. The logic is a
bit deep here and there and who's to say the conclusions are correct? It is merely an
exercise of the mind starting with the three main attributes of God and then drawing
conclusions. The information is provided here to provoke your thought. Consider it if you
The 3 Attributes of God are:
- Omnipotence - He has the power to do anything He desires (Job 42:2; Luke 1:37).
- Omnipresence - He is in all places, all the time (Jer. 23:24; 1 Kings 8:27; Psalm 90:2).
- Omniscience - He knows all things (1 John 3:20).
Out of these attributes flow His works:
- Election - choosing who is saved (John 1:12-13; 6:37-40; Eph. 1:4;11; Rom..
8:29-30; Acts 13:48; Phil. 1:29).
- Creation - bringing the universe into existence (Isaiah 44:24; Col. 1:16-18).
- Providence - guiding and providing for His creation (Psalm 135:7; Ecc. 3:13; Acts
- There are natural conclusions to be drawn from God's attributes.
- If He is omnipotent, then He has the power to accomplish anything He desires.
He can create, alter, or destroy a universe and all that is in it.
- His omnipotence
necessitates that He retain complete control over all objects
that exist and events that occur; otherwise, He would not be
- Therefore He
is able to Create whatever He desires and govern over all He has
- If He is omnipresent, then nothing is hidden from Him.
- This includes all
time whether past, present, or future; and every form of existence either thought, action,
- Therefore God fully
encompasses all that exists.
- If He is omniscient, then He eternally comprehends all things actual as well as
- Furthermore, it is
necessarily true that God comprehends all things from His eternal
nature since omniscience, by default, is to know all things
eternally lest there be a "time" when God did not know
- God comprehending all things actually means
that He comprehends all things that do exist.
- This includes all
objects in the entire universe, all thoughts, all actions,
all motions, etc.
comprehending all things potential means
- all things that could exist
but do not exist whether they be thought, motion, deed,
object, energy, etc.
- all things that have existed
but no longer exist whether they be thought, motion, deed,
object, energy, etc.
- all things that will exist
but do not yet exist whether they be thought, motion, deed,
object, energy, etc.
- Logically, there
are an infinite number of potential objects and events and
combinations of objects and items that could have
existed. But since they do not all exist, their
knowledge is restricted to the mind of God, since only He
could conceive of an infinite number of potential objects
- Logically, there
are an infinite number of potential object and events that
were not chosen by God (through
His creative action) to exist outside of His mind.
Therefore, the present world is the world that God has
chosen to exist out of an infinite number of possible
- To deny God's omniscience is to deny His omnipresence.
In order for God to know all things, He must be in all places at
all times, past, present, and future.
- If God's omnipresence is denied, then this god is not the God
of the Bible.
- If God voluntarily does not know all things (i.e., He chooses
to restrict His knowledge of future free will choices of people),
then, since He is omnipresent, He would have to know all the
choices of people -- by default. To not know these things
would be impossible for God since it would entail a type of
"forgetting" where God would choose to not know something which He
must, by nature, know. This is self contradictory and cannot
be true. Therefore, God must know all things because He is
omnipresent and because He is omnipresent, He knows all things.
- Therefore, since God is omnipotent,
omnipresent, and omniscient, He is able to create anything He
desires while retaining perfect knowledge and complete control of
all actual objects and actions -- including perfect knowledge and
complete control of all possible combinations of events of all those
objects and actions.
- It necessarily follows that all
things (actual and/or potential) that have been, are now, or will be in
existence occur by the direct control of God and/or the
permitted control of God.
With all knowledge, God has absolute control over all He encompasses.
- In creation God brought into being a finite set of actualities derived from
an infinite set of potentialities.
- Having been created and set in motion by God the actual number of combinations
of objects and events that will occur has been decided upon by God.
- It cannot be that these are
unknown to God, lest that violate His omniscience.
- None of the actualities are accidental, nor can they be accidental,
- since accident would suggest something beyond God's omnipotence, omnipresence,
- since accident would imply another
"god" outside the knowledge, presence, and control
- None of these actualities can function in a manner that is outside the knowledge,
presence, or control of God
- because they have been brought into being by Him.
- because God cannot make something greater than He.
- Therefore all that exists is under His knowledge and control.
- All that exists, exists not because of accident, but because God has
ordained that it exist.
- By ordain, I mean
to order by virtue of His superior authority and purpose.
includes any result of any combination of events.
- ....since that result would have been foreknown and, therefore,
ordained by God as He
selected and permits the causes that brought that result.
- Therefore, all results are foreknown; that is, they are known because they are
ordained by God, and, by logic, must be what God has either caused
or permitted to occur.
- This includes those events which are the results of creatures with wills because,
- no will could exist apart from the knowledge or control of God because
God created all wills and/or the condition that provides for the existence of the will.
- human freedom
(being able to make equal choices of right and wrong -
libertarianism) cannot be unknown by God since He is in all places
at all times. Because He is in all places at all times, He
necessarily knows all the choices made by all people.
- It follows then that evil is something permitted by God,
not caused by Him, yet is and under His absolute control.
cannot be the author of evil since God is holy and God cannot
violate His own nature.
- If God violated His own
nature, He would be self contradictory and, therefore, not be
omnipotent, omniscient, and omnipresent since all three
attributes are concurrent with self-absoluteness.
- Evil is the permitted rebellion against
- yet it is not greater than He, nor is it
out of the reach of His control, nor beyond His knowledge lest it
violate His attributes of omnipotence, omniscience, and
- God has created the
circumstances by which rebellion against Him is permitted but it
is not He who is the direct cause of the rebellion.
- God encompasses all that is, including evil.
In other words, evil is permitted to exist within the infinite realm
of God's existence.
- Evil, apart and separate from God, operates within His controlled
realm, because nothing could exist outside God's control.
- Evil, then, operating within the realm of God, can be used by God for His good (Gen.
50:20; Acts 2:23).
- This is true since God is
omnipotent, omniscient, and omnipresent and would have ordained
evil's permitted existence in the universe for the purpose
of accomplishing His ultimate will....otherwise,
it would not be permitted to exist.
- Additionally, it also follows, then, that everyone is either elected or not elected into
- This is because in God's infinite control of all things in all time, nothing can exist
that He has not brought directly into existence or allowed to indirectly come into
- This includes the person with the will to choose or reject God.
- The human
"freewill" cannot exist outside the knowledge,
control, and purpose of God, lest God not be omniscient,
omnipotent, and omnipresent.
- Each person is created by God with tendencies, preferences, and abilities.
- This includes the "tendency" to believe or not as some maintain.
- Each person is put, by God, in an environment that is helpful or not helpful to
receiving the gospel.
- God is aware of all these variables, knows the outcome, and places the person there.
- Therefore, salvation is ultimately dependent solely upon
God because God is in control of all
variables of all situations including the wills of His creation.
It could be no other way.
Please send me your comments if you are intrigued, confused,
or stimulated to think by the above outline. Thank you.
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Copyright by Matthew J. Slick, B.A., M. Div., 1998-2006
I welcome your comments via E-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org